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Webinar "Los Proyectos Verdes en la Lucha del Cambio Climático y su Financiamiento"

You are invited to the first Spanish language Global Greens webinar! (Spanish translation)

Date: Saturday, 1 October 2016

TimeUTC 13:00 (Verify your local time conversions here)

Caracas, Venezuela09:00am
Madrid & Brussels15:00
Beirut, Lebanon16:00
Tokyo, Japan22:00
Canberra, Australia23:00

Registration for free!

Topic of Discussion: This webinar will discuss strategies for financing sustainable development, particularly for mitigation and adaptation to climate change and transitioning to a low carbon economy. (read the discussion paper)

Details

  • The webinar will be in Spanish. We are do not currently have the means to provide simultaneous translation.  If you have any good idea for translation, let us know!
  • Registration is free - but donations are welcome.
  • To participate, you need a computer, Internet access, speakers and a microphone.
  • After registration we will will email you a link to login to the webinar.  
  • Participant numbers are limited, so register today!

Structure:

  • Duration: 1.5 hours
  • Introduction (15 minutes)
  • Each Panelist speaks for 5 minutes (30 minutes maximum): 
  • Q & A discussion (45 minutes)

Questions?  Contact the Global Greens Coordinator at: [email protected]
 

Panelists from the Green Party Federations of:

The Americas:   

Manuel Diaz

Dr. Manuel Diaz
His purpose: To increase resilience and move towards a low carbon future
Current positions: Executive Director of the Carrillo Group's Division of Green projects; Director General of the Ecological Channel of Venezuela Ecovisión; President of the Green Life International Foundation (Funvive), Director of the Green Citizen Foundation; Founder of the Movimiento Verde Ecológico de Venezuela, a Member of the Global Greens; and Member of the Program of the Sons of Mother Earth of the world embasys of peace activists.
Green competencies: climate change; broker and consultant for Green projects; carbon bond quotations; and clean technology investment.

 

Asia-Pacific:

Najah Jaroush

Najah Jaroush Abdouni

Najah Jaroush is a member of the Green Party of Lebanon; and is also the owner of Tassamim, an enterprise for landscaping and irrigation, which is currently completing more than 200 residential garden projects.

Najah graduated as an Agricultural Engineer from the American University of Beirut (AUB), is a member of The Lebanese League for Women in Business and is passionate passing along all that she has learned to the people around her: tolerance, good communication, transparency, planning, decisiveness and problem solving.


Europe:

José Larios Martón,José Larios Martón

Formó parte de la Comisión Ejecutiva Federal de EQUO. Concejal en el Ayuntamiento de Córdoba entre 1995 y 1999. Director General de Educación Ambiental de la Consejería de Medio Ambiente de Andalucía 2000 y 2001. Miembro del Consejo Andaluz de Medio Ambiente. Coordinador General de Foro para el Desarrollo Sostenible de Andalucía, órgano que ha elaborado la Estrategia Andaluza de Desarrollo Sostenible (Agenda 21). Voluntario presentador de The Climate Project Spain, primer proyecto en habla no inglesa del Premio Nobel Al Gore, para difundir la problemática del Calentamiento Global. Miembro de Oceanógrafos sin fronteras.  Fundador de grupos ecologistas, y antinucleares en Córdoba, España. Coordinadora anti-Cabril, AEDENAT y Ecologistas en Acción, e impulsa su creación en otras localidades andaluzas. Autor de varios artículos y folletos sobre energía (“Dieta de CO2”, revista Gaia. Propuestas para el Desarrollo Energético Sostenible para Andalucía, 1993) y educación ambiental. Autor del capitulo dedicado a Andalucía del libro “La Izquierda Verde”. Autor de “Calentamiento Global, al borde del límite”.  Ha impartido cursos y conferencias sobre sostenibilidad, energía, educación ambiental, etc en diversos centros de profesores e institutos así como las universidades de Granada, Córdoba y Sevilla 

 

XimenaXimena Kaiser-Morris 

Ximena is a member of the Green Party in Switzerland, Grüne / Les Verts / I Verdi, since 2002, and is a Swiss Delegate to the European Green Party and the Global Greens.  Ximena is a political scientist, trainer in sustainable development, specializes in consulting and environmental communication.

 

 


Moderator

Inti SuarezInti Suárez

I was born in Bueno Aires, Argentina in 1969, and escaped the dictatorship in 1978, and grew up in Caracas, Venezuela. It has always been difficult for me to decide between salsa and tango, Ruben Blades or Piazzola? I'm a physics student who ended up graduating as a biologist, and am convinced of the importance of the environment to our daily lives and our future.  In 1997 I went to Switzerland to do research in evolutionary ecology, and since 2001 I have live in Holland doing data mining for a variety of customers. Since my high school years I have been politically active, I am now a member of GroenLinks, the Dutch Green Party. In my town -Utrecht- I coordinate a working group on multiculturalism. At the European level I coordinate a network of individual members of green parties interested in transnational political action. In the photo I practice inter-generational politics with my son.


Discussion paper:

Written by: Manuel Diaz, Movimiento Verde Ecológico de Venezuela, and translated by Keli Yen

This document is intended to reflect the important role that Green funding must meet as a fundamental pillar of sustainable development.  Because of the dangers brought by climate change, humanity must evolve toward a low carbon economy and more climate resistent infrastructure to ensure the welfare of the population and sustainable operation of the production process.  Achieving these goals depends largely on international funding into sustainable development through the achievement of green projects and financing.

Introduction

There is already international consensus about the anthropogenic influence on the dramatic changes occuring in the climate.  The fith special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicates that human activity is responsible for over 50% of the current climate change and global temperature increases in recent years.

Climate change is a problem that threatens many countries around the world with significant social, environmental and economic impacts - such as increases in average and extreme temperatures, changes in precipitaiton patterns, rising sea levels and increasing certain extreme events in number and intensity. 

In the Americas region the frequency of extreme weather events have increased in recent decade due to changes in the movement and intensity of winds caused by sea temperature increases in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; and variations in rainfall which generate floods, landslides and droughts.

Approximately 50% of the region's population lives on the coastline and a substantial portion of the region's productive activities are also located in coastal areas.  Sea level rise have increased salinity in estuaries, threatened coastal aquifers of fresh water and eroded human settlements and coastal infrastructure.  

Due to the high vulnerability of the region to climate change, Latin America has the need for high investment in adaptation, such that efforts to increase adaptation to extreme weather eventes are very important.

Climate change associated costs and benefits of adaption:

The 2006 Stern Review concluded that extreme weather could reduce global GDP by 1% between now and 2050, and that the costs of climate change could amount to at least 5% of GDP each year.  According to the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC), the economic cost of an increase of 2.5°C in the temperature of the planet (which is likely to occur before 2050) is estimate to be between 1.5% and 5% of the GDP of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).  ECLAC also notes that estimates for adaptation costs do not 0.5% of GDP int eh region, which indicates the improtance of implementing efficient adaptation measures.

Environmental risks, such as the retreat of Andean glaciers and the deforestation of tropical forests, are beginning to threaten the economies of the LAC region which are largely dependent on natural resources.  The annual economic damage associated with climate change in Latin America will be $100,000 million dollars by 2050, and is estimated that adaptation costs range between $20,000 and $300,000 million annually.  In 2025, the economic losses caused by climate change in Andean nations of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Colombia could reach $30 billion USD anually.  By 2050, it is estimated that in Brazil, the average annual loss for each citizen due to climate change could reach $874f.8 million USD.

Minimizing the effects and damage of climate change on infrastructure and society is feasible since the damages occur when one is not prepared.  Although adaptation costs are significant, they are manageable with international support and cooperation to avoid much of the expected losses.

Different studies estimate that the incremental cost to investments in climate resilient infrastructure varies between 5% and 20% of total investment, several studies also conclude that even when required to to invest additional amounts for infrastructure projects to include adaptation components, the benefits outweigh the costs, as for every $1 invested at least $5 are saved in the long-run.  

Latin America and the Caribbean will require investments in mitigation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) between $40,000 and $80,000 million USD per year.  In adaptation between $18,000 million and $21,000 million are required annually.  These figures are only an indication of investments to move toward a Green economy related to the fight against climate change.  Although there is no complete estimate of the total amount of the investment to be made for this transition, it is estimated to be much higher.

Recently, the Green Economy UNEP group calculated that the range of "green" global new investment would be between 1% and 2.55 of annual GDP.  This calculation is strongly influenced by investments in the transformation of transport, energy, buildings and climate change scenarios which could vary the figure.  The figure would continue to be low even considering other investments, for example, in the protection of ecosystems, urban environmental quality, productive transformations for adaptation ot climate change.  The GDP of the LAC region in 2012 was $5.343 billion USD with which, using data from the EIA for green investment, Latin America and the Caribbean could require new investments between 53,450 and 133,575 million USD per year; still low, because it is not considered the fullr ange of possible interventions.  The figure however gives an idea of the challenge present in funding.

Vulnerability of cities and infrastructure are the input potential for the development of green projects that mitigate or act in resilience.

The Latin America population reached 590 million people, of whom 80% live in cities, representing the highest rate of urbanization on the planet.  There is also a low occupation of territories outside of cities due to the presence of the Amazon forest, high mountain ecosystems and other forest formations which are home to a significant portion of global biodiversity and contribute to global climate stability.

All cities are vulnerable to climate change in particular due to increasing population density.  The contribution of cities to climate change and, in turn, their vulnerability to extreme weather events and the slow cumulative effects of sea level rise diminishing fresh water supplies, depends on many factors including: urban design and population density, geography and demography, forms of productions in the city (service sectors and industry), shape and type of transportation, the production and consumption of energy, and the consumption patterns of citizens.

Cities are dependent on ecological supply to meet needs for raw materials, food, water and energy and therefore exert pressure on ecosystems which produce environmental goods and services.  Latin American cities often over-exploit the water resources and the environmental costs include the construction of decanting basins and economic costs of transporting the resources from remote sites.  Many urban rivers are recipients of contaminated water, which reduces the quality and availability of water for domestic, agricultrual and industrial uses among others.

Air quality is a concern in densely populated cities.  The particles in the air such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SOx), pollen, dust ore, cement and metals, have already exceeded the permissible limits specified by the World Health Organisation (20 micrograms /m3) in most large Latin American cities and jeopardizing the health of the inhabitants.  Road transport is largely responsible for pollutin in cities.

Urban mass transit and smart mobility in cities have a large impact on improving people's quality of life as well as reducing local pollution and GHG emissions. The layout of the urban territory influences the production of greenhouse gases.  Intelligent mobility is based on the intermodal use of more efficient and healthier transport systems such as cycling and walking.  Clean energy requires new infrastructure, political determination standards, incentives and education at all levels.  

Cities are therefore an important focus for many of the elements of sustainability, particularly energy use, production and consumption of materials, treatment and disposal of solid and liquid waste, food demand, sustainable transport, climate change and air quality, to name a few.

Recent events such as the tropical super storm Sandy that hit New York in 2015 gave important lessons about urban infrastructure; existing buildings require reinforcement to withstand super storms in the future.

The main challenges for a resilient infrastructure in the Latin American and Carribean countries are: 

  • Commitment from governments and stakeholders
  • Continuous strengthening of capacities for innovation in design, construction and the operation of infrastructure.
  • Maintaining updated accounting of assets at high risk an dbudgetary level prioritization for rehabilitation and adaptation.
  • Identifying innovative ways to incorporate them into the design and construction of infrastructure technologies.
  • Development of land use plans that address urban settlements in high risk areas.
  • Building codes applying higher levels of governance

The limitation of natural resources, climate change and the negative externalities of all kinds of pollution are both environmental and economic challenges relating to the distribution of costs and opportunities.  The transformation of production and services is based on efficient use of natural resources and energy, cleaner production and waste reduction.  When a company changes its production process towards greater efficiency, minimization of waste generation to the goal of zero, this creates competitive advantages.  Such changes in production also promotes the development of new technologies and business opportunities.

Removing barriers to investment and promoting a green economy involving public and international resources and private capital is needed. Clearly there are many questions about how to mobilize capital for green investments, how to design risk-return relationships to attract private and public capital, and how to establish a policy framework to facilitate the right investment climate.  In this regard, international financing through can play a catalytic role.

A transformation toawrds a green economy requires structural changes in government policy, removing barriers, research and development, capacity for resource mobilization and management of risks inherent to projects, innovative new financial instruments and a certification process in the markets.

Green Financing

The growing global concern about the importance of the environment and climate change has led to the creation of international funds and programs focused on mitigation and adaptation.  These resources provide benefits and support to countries developing projects and actions for the conservation of natural capaital, reducing Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adaptation to climate change.  The benefits include both financial aid and technical support.

Traditionally, we tend to finance environmental projects with technical assistance and non-refundable sources.  Different environmental funds provide this type of financing: some of the most notable are the Adaptation Fund, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Climate Investments Funds and the Green Climate Fund.  These latter three also provide concessional loans and other financial instruments.  Much of this funding is directed to climate change, innovation and new technologies for mitigation and adaptation.  The availability of grants is increasingly scarce and for Latin America practically the only area of possible cooperation with donors is in the environment, climate change and green economy.

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