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Leading From the Emerging Future 「 從顯現的未來開展領導力」

Theory U authors Otto Scharmer and Katrin Kaufer recently published the book “Leading from the Emerging Future: From Ego-System to Eco-System Economies” offering a framework for understanding the underlying causes of the economic, social and spiritual-cultural crises of our time as well as offering methods for changing them into an economy for well-being.

At the outset of the book Otto and Katrin pose three questions:

  1. In the face of disruption, how do we lead from the emerging future?
  2. What evolutionary economic framework can guide our journey forward?
  3. What strategies can help us to function as vehicles for shifting the whole?

In exploring these questions they lay out three big ideas:

The first is that there are two fundamentally different modes of learning: learning from the past and learning from the emerging future.  In order to learn from the emerging future, we have to activate a deep learning cycle that involves not only opening the mind (transcending cognitive boundaries), but also opening the heart (transcending our relational boundaries) and opening the will (transcending the boundaries of our small will).  The U process of learning from the emerging future follows these three movements through the steps: 1) “Observe, observe,” 2) “Retreat and reflect: allow the inner knowing to emerge,” and 3) “Act in an instant.”

The second big idea concerns the Matrix of Economic Evolution below:

Matrix of Economic Evolution

The matrix suggests that the evolution of economic structures is interdependent with the evolution of human consciousness Today’s transformation of economic structures requires that we move away from an obsolete “ego-system” awareness focusing entirely on the well-being of the individual - be it a single person, group, organization, or country - to an eco-system awareness emphasizing the well-being of the whole. 

The third big idea is that the next revolution will require a multi-point strategy that, from a system perspective, focuses on the eight “acupuncture” points of economic and social transformation: 

  1. Nature: How can we rethink the economy and nature from “take, make and throw away” to an integrated closed-loop design, in which everything that we take from the earth is returned at the same or high level of quality?
  2. Labor: How can we relink work - the profession we choose to pursue - with Work - what we really love doing?
  3. Capital: How can we relink the financial economy and the real economy by recycling financial capital into the service and cultivation of ecological, social and cultural commons?
  4. Technology: How can we create broad access to the core technologies of the third Industrial Revolution, blending information technology, regenerative energy, and social technologies in order to unleash individual and collective creativity?
  5. Leadership: How can we build a collective leadership capacity to innovate at the scale of the whole system?
  6. Consumption: How can we rebalance the economic playing field so that consumers can engage in collaborative, conscious consumption and become equal partners in an economy that creates well-being for all?
  7. Coordination: How can we end the war of the parts against the whole by shifting the mode of consciousness from ego-system to eco-system awareness?
  8. Ownership: What innovations in property rights would give voice to future generations and facilitate the best societal uses of scarce resources and commons?

These eight elements, from nature to ownership, define the core of any economic system.  Our notions about each element change profoundly in the journey from 0.0 to 4.0.  Understanding these changes and shifts allows us not only to understand our current reality, but also to identify the potential of the future. 

The essence of this evolutionary journey is transcending the mind-matter division in science, social science and philosophy by reflecting the of scientific observation back onto the observing self - back onto the source.  The source is, from a systems view, where the feedback loop between mind and matter closes in the now, both individually and collectively.  Aspirations to bring deeper humanity into social systems often fail however because there is no space to hold them.

This brings us back to the third question: What strategies can help us to function as vehicles for the future that wants to emerge?  

  1. bend the beam of attention back to its source in order to cultivate generative relationships and advance the movement of institutional inversion in individuals, groups and organisations;
  2. focus on all eight acupuncture points to update the economic and societal logic of operating to 4.0; and 
  3. shift the global field of entrepreneurship by creating a multi-regional network of “hubs” that support the capacity of the next generation of entrepreneurs to build intentional eco-system economies on a scale that meets the challenges of our time.  

By focusing on these leverage points, we will be stepping into a new space, a space that is formed by the coming together of global civil society, action science, mindfulness and awareness and putting them into the service of transforming all key institutions of business, government and education.  That’s what is starting to happen now.  

Source: Kaufer, K. and Scharmer, O. (2013) Leading From The Emerging Future: From Ego-System To Eco-System Economies. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

 

「 從顯現的未來開展領導力」

U型理論(Theory U) 的作者夏默(Otto Scharmer)和考夫爾(Katrin Kaufer)最近出版的書籍《Leading from the Emerging Future (從顯現的未來開展領導力)》,提出一種結構性的看法,觀察當今經濟、社會、精神文化層面的危機,並提出一些想法,希望能將這些危機轉化為一個健全的經濟體系。

在這本書一開始,作者群提出三個問題:

  1. 在我們面臨干擾時,該如何從即將浮現的未來展現領導力?
  2. 哪一種演變式的經濟結構體可以指引我們往前邁進?
  3. 什麼樣的策略可以幫助我們成為調整整體結構的工具?

在探索這三個問題之時,他們也引入了三個偉大的想法。

首先,有兩種在基本面上就完全不同的學習模式:從過去學習以及從顯現的未來學習。如果要從顯現的未來學習,我們就必須啟動一種更深層的學習循環,不僅需要敞開心智(穿越認知的界線),還必須要敞開我們的心(穿越我們關係上的界線)...敞開我們的意願(穿越我們小小意願的界線)。從顯現的未來的U型學習過程,會依循三個動作進行:「觀察,觀察」、「退一步,反思:讓內在的知識顯現」、「在短期間內付諸行動」。

第二個偉大的想法,和以下這個經濟演化矩陣表有關:

圖表3:經濟演化矩陣

經濟演化矩陣

這張矩陣圖意味著經濟結構的演進其實和人類意識演化的過程相互倚賴。在當下經濟結構體的演進過程中,我們勢必要從過去「自我系統」的察覺,也就是完全專注於個人、團體、組織或國家本身狀態的思維,轉換成一個「全我生態系統」的察覺,強調整體的健全狀態。  

第三個偉大的想法就是下一個革命是需要多點式的策略,用一種系統的觀點來觀察,聚焦於經濟和社會轉變的八個經絡穴點: 

  1. 大自然:我們該如何從「拿取、使用、丟棄」的思維模式來思考經濟和大自然,轉換成閉合迴路的設計,用同樣或同樣的品質將取自於大自然的東西回歸大自然?
  2. 勞工:我們該如何重新將我們選擇要追求的專業和我們真心喜愛的領域做結合?
  3. 資產:我們該如何將金融經濟體和真正的經濟體做結合,將金融資產化身為滋養生態、社會、文化共同點的服務與養成?
  4. 科技:我們該如何將第三次工業革命的核心科技結合資訊科技、再生能源、社會科技,讓這些科技拓及更多的族群,激發出更多的個人與集體創意?
  5. 領導力:我們該如何建立起一個集體的領導能力,以整個系統的規模來發揮創新?
  6. 消費:我們該如何重新平衡經濟體的競爭,讓消費者可以投入於合作性、有意識的消費,成為一個為所有人有益的經濟體的一份子?
  7. 協調:我們該如何將意識的型態從自我系統轉換到對生態系統有所察覺的模式,進而結束部分成員打擊整體的戰爭?
  8. 所有權:在產權方面,什麼樣的創新可以讓未來的世代可以發聲,並讓神聖的資源和共同點可以在社會上發揮最好的作用?

從大自然到所有權這八個元素,都是任何經濟系統的核心元素。我們對這八個元素的想法從0.0升級到4.0的這段旅程中,歷經深度的改變。了解這些變化和轉折讓我們不僅可以了解現狀,也更能夠掌握未來的潛能。 

這演化旅程的精髓,穿越了科學、社會科學、哲學的心智層面,將科學觀察回饋到觀察者本身,回到根源處。從系統的層面來看,根源處就是個人和集體心智和物體之間回饋環節的所在。但是常常因為兩者之間沒有空間,以至於希望將社會系統中帶入更深層的人性面因而失敗。

這帶我們來到第三個問題:什麼樣的策略可以幫助我們成為調整整體結構的工具?

  1. 將注意力的光導回根源處滋養開創性的關係,推廣個人、團體和組織內的機構性反轉(institutional inversion);
  2. 將焦點放在八個針灸穴點將經濟與社會的作業邏輯提升到4.0;並且 
  3. 轉換創業精神的全局域,創造多區域的樞紐網絡,用來支援下一世代的創業家,共同建立規模足以滿足這時代面臨的挑戰、有意識的生態系統經濟體。 

當我們聚焦於這些優勢點,就能步入全新的空間,一個凝聚全球公民社會、行動科學、正念、覺察在一起的空間,在這裡將所有重點企業、政府、教育機構做轉變。這就是現在開始要發生的事。 

 

資料來源:Kaufer, K. and Scharmer, O. (2013) Leading From The Emerging Future: From Ego-System To Eco-System Economies. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

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