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11.1 Phase Out Nuclear Energy Globally and Urgently from Northeast Asia and Indigenous Lands

Authors:

Resolution Title: 

Phase Out Nuclear Energy Globally and Urgently from Northeast Asia and Indigenous Lands

Preamble:

Recognising that:

  • the Greens oppose any expansion of nuclear power and will work to phase it out rapidly; (Global Greens Charter, clause 3.5)
  • the Greens promote the levying of taxes on non-renewable energy and the use of funds raised to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy. (Global Greens Charter, clause 3.9)
  • nuclear disaster is an unacceptable global risk and
  • nuclear pollution remains toxic to ecological systems in perpetuity;

this resolution calls for the phasing out nuclear energy globally and urgently in Northeast Asia, as a matter of environmental, social and generational justice.

Operative Text:

To achieve the global goals set out in the UN Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals, changes need to be made to national energy production and consumption.  

In world energy consumption, China ranks first, Japan fifth and South Korea eighth, and together these nations emit 33% of the world’s greenhouse gas.  

To reconcile the need for energy and a sustainable climate, these countries are pursuing a policy of increasing the number of nuclear power plants in their region.  China is currently operating 34 nuclear power plants (29.4 GW) and is constructing 21 more (21.5 GW).  Korea is operating 25 nuclear power plants and planning to build 11 more by 2029. Japan’s 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant meltdown has spread radioactive contamination across the whole world and has been especially harmful for those living in the region.  Nevertheless, Japan, too, is accelerating its move to reactivate the nuclear power plants that have been closed since the Fukushima accident. This is a wrong decision.

Nuclear power plants is the wrong approach to solving climate change. Recognising that Northeast Asia has the highest density of nuclear power plants and one of the highest greenhouse gas emissions in the world, the Global Greens urges Korea, China, and Japan to work together to make a genuine energy transition in the region as a matter of high priority and urgency.

To contribute towards that objective, the Greens will organize a working group focused on phasing out nuclear energy globally.  This group will share information, experience and solutions for transitioning to renewable energy from local to global levels.  

This includes working together to phase out the entire nuclear fuel chain: from uranium mining, to the storage of nuclear waste, to the decommissioning of nuclear power plants; and investing in the cleaning of the earth, ocean and foods polluted by the nuclear fuel chain.  The Greens call in particular for the immediate removal of nuclear waste from indigenous homeland and for the restoration of the habitat to a healthy ecosystem.

Background Text:

Green Party Korea was founded in 2012 as the “Party of Sun and Wind” and has been advocating for phasing-out nuclear and fossil fuel-based energy, through activities such as preparing the “Fundamental Act for Energy Transition”.  The Act calls for discontinuing the construction of new nuclear plants, closing old plants, and better management of energy demand and promotion of renewable energy.  The Act proposes feasible means for achieving these objectives, including: eliminating subsidies paid for fossil fuel and nuclear energy, having the socio-environmental cost of pollution reflected in energy price by taxing on carbon and nuclear fuels, and expanding renewable energy by renewables through a Feed-In-Tariff (FIT) system, which guarantees a stable price for renewables through subsidies equal to the difference between the generation cost and the market price.

Comment:

This resolution is a merger of proposals from Korea and Taiwan.                                                                                   



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